Sarajevo is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the largest urban, economic and cultural center. In Sarajevo, located almost all state institutions. Sarajevo is located in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina belongs to the canton of Sarajevo. According to the census of the 1991st year, it had a population of 416,497, while the same census was 527,049 inhabitants (known today as space Sarajevo Canton). According to preliminary results of the census of the 2013th year, the city of Sarajevo has 297,422 inhabitants, while the Canton area counts 438,443 inhabitants.
Although Sarajevo ranks among the smaller towns, because of its rich historical and cultural heritage, is known from some world capitals.
On the bank of the river Miljacka city of Sarajevo arises arrival of the Ottomans 1435th year. As the founder of Sarajevo is mentioned Isa Bey Ishakovic which is in 1462. Issued an order for the construction of several public institutions, the first mosque and palace. The name Sarajevo comes from the Turkish seraglio - ovasi which in translation means "field around the palace".
After the Ottoman Empire in Bosnia comes Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1878, which brought significant influence of European culture and especially architecture in this region. The Austro-Hungarian influence can still be seen around Sarajevo. When visiting one of the easternmost towns of the then empire 1914th year, the Austrian crown prince Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were victims of assassination. Given that political relations in Europe and then the world was extremely tense, this event was also an occasion for the beginning of the First World War that Sarajevo has made globally famous. In Bosnia and Herzegovina the event meant the beginning of the turbulent 20th century, in which the state and its capital city became part of various national planning. With the end of the Second World War, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of the former Yugoslavia.
In 1984th in Sarajevo again attracted the world‘s attention, but this time in a positive way. That year was held in Sarajevo Winter Olympic Games. Besides Sarajevo, the other candidate cities were Sapporo (Japan) and Falun / Göteborg (Sweden). After the Soviet Union, this is the second Olympic Games took place in a communist country. For Yugoslavia, Sarajevo Olympics was an opportunity to show the world in the best possible light, even though it was during the Great Depression. At the games are consumed vast financial resources, and built a large number of impressive buildings and other infrastructure. Authorities had selfless support of the citizens of Sarajevo. On this occasion there was a popularization of winter sports who until then had been almost unheard of in this part of Yugoslavia.
Positive image of Sarajevo who takes a very short time because already in 1992., The city once again attracted the attention of the public, but this time the aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is implied in particular the destruction of capital. Sarajevo will be remembered in history as a modern city that has been under the longest siege - 1425 days!
Sarajevo boasts well- preserved buildings from different periods of its rich history. He is also known as the Jerusalem of Europe because the narrow town center are mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches, and synagogues. It is interesting to point out that in the 15th and 16th century Bosnia and Herzegovina settled Jews expelled from Spain, Sephardim. Over the centuries have become a significant part of the BiH society and culture, and their descendants still live in Sarajevo. In addition to the religious, the city is full of other interesting objects such as Gazi Husrev beg bezistan in the old town dating from the Ottoman period, the National Museum, whose founders and builders of the Austro-Hungarian governors. One of the symbols of the city‘s Town Hall from the time of Austro-Hungarians, the former Evangelical Church, and today the Academy of Fine Arts and the National Theatre, Sarajevo post office building on the banks of the Miljacka, the White bastion offense from the time of the Ottoman Empire, and later annexed by the Austro-Hungarians, Home Army, the building of the Presidency, as well as many other facilities.
Sarajevo is a regional festival town. Throughout the year in Sarajevo, numerous festivals, including the most popular of the Sarajevo Film Festival, which was created during the war and is traditionally held during the summer. But the big attraction are the Jazz Fest Sarajevo Winter Festival, MESS and Baščaršijske night. In addition, there are numerous small festivals and fairs.
The city of Sarajevo is located on three rivers: the Miljacka, Bosnia and Trains. Through the center and most of the city flows the river Miljacka, while Sarajevo is located near the source of the river Bosna river by which the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its name. For decades, the source of the river Bosna is regulated and is a popular resort Sarajevans but also many tourists who come to tour the city. By the spring of Bosnia is over 100 years old alley of plane that was built in the Austro-Hungarian period. In addition to the avenue are beautiful villas former Austro-Hungarian elite which still attract the attention of passers-by.
In addition to the river in Sarajevo and surrounding beautiful mountain where they held the Olympic Games: Bjelasnica, Igman, Jahorina and Trebevic. These mountains are popular destinations for both of Sarajevo, as well as tourists from around the world.
In addition to architecture, significant legacy of empires which belonged to Bosnia during its history and gastronomy. We can safely say that the Bosnian cuisine blend of East and West. So in Sarajevo can also find great Viennese steak and Turkish dolma. However, the most popular dishes among the population and tourists are unsurpassed Sarajevo Sarajevo unique pies and meatballs. After a delicious main meal, there are many pastry shops in Sarajevo used by Sacher and Havana cake, baklava, tufahije and other numerous achievements Sarajevo pastry chefs.
Due to the above Sarajevo is not indifferent even the biggest critics of tourism in the world. That is why this city regularly appears in various international publications, TV shows and Internet portals as one of the most recommended tourist destinations. Very often, by the various tourism organizations ranked in the top ten tourist destinations in the world.
© Copyright; Sarajevo Mountains 2018.